Timing is a crucial factor in a CCS development pathway the case of the Netherlands

The analysis presented in this paper is part of a research project which aims to investigate what the optimal timing of a CCS implementation trajectory is and how it depends on dynamic factors such as climate policy, electricity demand, life time of existing and new power plants, cost and performance developments of CCS and competing technologies, and availability of sinks. Key criteria are that CCS (in comparison with other CO2 reduction technologies) has the potential to contribute substantially to CO2 emission reduction against reasonable costs and that it contributes to energy security. A quantitative analysis of the Strong Europe scenario for the electricity sector in the Netherlands is carried out with MARKAL. This paper gives an outline of the starting points, methodology, and tool which are utilised during the research project. Preliminary results will be presented at the conference.