Overview of regulatory uncertainties with regard to offshore CCS by Rieks Boekholt

Due to the popular resistance in the Netherlands and other parts of Europe to subsoil permanent storage of CO2 onshore, it has become more likely that permanent storage will instead take place under the North Sea. In comparison with onshore Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) activities, the transport and storage of CO2 offshore brings with it a whole new set of legal issues and uncertainties. The purpose of this report is to provide proper insight into the legal and regulatory framework that currently exists and is applicable to offshore CCS activities in the North Sea area.