Overcoming national and European legal barriers to CO2 transport and storage in the North Sea by Thomas Mikunda

Developers of carbon capture and storage (CCS) demonstration projects in Europe continue to face a multitude of complex and interrelated barriers. The introduction of an enabling regulatory framework for CCS in Europe has provided certainty on many aspects of the technology, but it has also introduced a number of legal concepts, which are unfamiliar to potential CCS project developers. This report takes the perspective of the project developer initiating a CCS project in the North Sea. The purpose of the report is to provide an overview of the legal issues that the project developer will encounter, as well as a comparison of the rules and legislation of the countries surrounding the North Sea with regard to these issues.